Ashbourne Hilltop
Primary and Nursery School

Home Page

Physical Education


Physical Education is of upmost importance in primary school as it builds a number of key skills that children need to excel in their lives. Our physical activities and sporting experiences help children to excel in a range of physical activities and build core muscles that have an impact on the children fine motor skills. With practice, children become able to be physically active for sustained periods of time and can engage and enjoy competitive sports and activities. Physical Education also encourages children to lead healthy and active lifestyles.


Statutory Requirements

Statutory requirements for the teaching and learning for Physical Education are laid out in the National Curriculum in England (2014) for Key Stages 1 and 2 and in the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2012).


In the Foundation Stage (Reception)

Physical development in one of the seven areas of the early years foundation stages and is used to develop a child’s movement, handling of objects and understanding of their own body, health and levels of self-care. In the EYFS, children do this in a range of ways including spacial awareness when moving, co-ordination of small and large movements and how to effectively use tools and equipment.


At Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)

Children are taught different movements such as running, jumping, throwing and catching as well as balancing, agility and co-ordination. These movements are taught in a range of activities, including different team and individual games.

Children will join in team games and learn simple tactics for attacking and defending in a fun and engaging manner.

Children will also learn to use simple movement patterns and perform dances.


At Key Stage 2 (Year 3 to 6)

In Key Stage 2, children will develop the skills learnt in Key Stage 1 and understand how to use them in different ways and in different situations.

The pupils will use the simple movements both in isolation and in combination, i.e. throwing a basketball into a hoop and then throwing the ball whilst running.

Through competitive games, children develop their attacking and defending skills and learn rules of the games.

Children develop their flexibility, strength, control and balance through a range of different activities, such as gymnastics and athletics, and can perform dances using a range of movement patterns. Children learn to compare their performances and demonstrate improvements to achieve their personal best.

In KS2, children also take part in outdoor and adventurous activities that challenge individuals and teams.


Please have a look at our recent sporting activities on our page