Literacy unites the important skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening. The study of literacy develops children's ability to read, write, speak and listen for a wide range of purposes, including the communication of their ideas, views and feelings. Children are enabled to express themselves creatively and imaginatively as they become enthusiastic and critical readers of stories and poetry, as well as of non-fiction and media texts. They gain an understanding of how language works by looking at its patterns, structures and origins. Children use their knowledge, skills and understanding in speaking, reading and writing across the curriculum through a range of different situations and in their everyday life.
Statutory requirements for the teaching and learning of English are laid out in the National Curriculum in England: English Programmes of Study - Key Stages 1 and 2 (2014) and in the Communication and Language and Literacy sections of the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage (2012).
In the Foundation Stage (Reception) children are given opportunities to:
At Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)
At Key Stage 2 (Years 3 to 6)